ALL women are different, but one thing the majority of them have in common is having a period, typically once a month.
But how long does a period last – and why do they vary from person to person?
How long does a period last?
A typical period lasts for anything from two to eight days.
Sometimes, or for some women, cramps or mood changes associated with your period can start before the bleeding does.
Cramps and mood changes can also, though less often, continue after your period has finished.
A period where the bleeding lasts for longer than eight days is called menorrhagia, and this is generally diagnosed in five per cent of women.
Menorrhagia also refers to very heavy periods, like soaking through a tampon and a pad in a couple of hours or less.
This can be very draining and may result in iron deficiency, so it’s important to check that out.
Other aspects of your period, like discomfort, may also feel stronger if you experience menorrhagia.
What counts as the last day of your period?
The last day of your period is when you have stopped bleeding.
For most women, this is around day five.
The bleeding will likely be heaviest at first, maybe for a couple of days, then become lighter as you approach the end of your period.
Sometimes you might think your period has finished, but then get a bit of spotting – that’s okay and totally normal.
What can affect how long your period lasts?
The length of your period can be affected by a number of things, such as your age, your weight, or how close you are to adolescence, pregnancy, or menopause.
The length of your period can also differ based on any health conditions, such as uterine or blood conditions, and the medication you take for these conditions.
Your hormonal system, or any hormonal preparations you take for your period, can also impact how long it lasts for.
What causes long periods?
There are quite a few reasons why periods can be long, and they are often nothing to worry about – but you should see a doctor if they are lasting for more than eight days.
Many hormonal preparations routinely taken by women can give long periods for a while, as they settle into them.
For example, birth control pills, vaginal rings, patches, or IUDs can result in very long periods in the first few months.
Young women, usually in the first three years after starting their periods, can have very long periods.
This usually settles down as your cycle becomes more regular.
Women approaching or going through menopause may also experience long periods.
Remember, it’s normal for up to 25 per cent of women to have irregular cycles, with unpredictable, long, or short, periods, all through their menstrual life.
It’s only important to see a doctor if you routinely have less than 21 or more than 35 days between your periods.
Also see a doctor if your periods are more than eight days, or if they are so heavy you are soaking through tampons and pads within a couple of hours.
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Long periods can be a sign of unusual hormonal levels in health conditions like polycystic ovaries or conditions like hypothyroidism.
Polyps, fibroids or adenomyosis can also cause long periods.
So can uterine or cervical cancer, or haemophilia, Von Willebrand’s Disease or Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
If you regularly take aspirin, blood thinners, or anti-inflammatory medication you may experience long periods.
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