New residential and office developments in inner Melbourne would be required to meet sustainable building standards, provide a minimum number of bicycle spaces and would not be required to provide on-site car spaces, under a plan to be put to Planning Minister Richard Wynne.

Cr Nick Reece atop a huge solar array at the University of Melbourne.Credit:Jason South

The City of Melbourne's planning portfolio chairman Nicholas Reece said securing the changes would be critical in helping the council achieve its goal of zero net emissions by 2040.

"Buildings are the biggest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in our municipality, accounting for 66 per cent of all our emissions," Cr Reece said.

"Many companies are already moving towards more sustainable development because this is what tenants and buyers want."

According to a briefing paper to be considered at Tuesday's council meeting, Melbourne and Brisbane have the highest levels of emissions in the country.

The new standards, for residential and commercial buildings, would cover everything from environmentally sustainable design, energy use, water and resource use, and transport.

Large developments of more than 5000 square metres would be required to meet a five-star green standard, while a six-star rating would be "preferred".

Five stars is considered to meet the Green Building Council of Australia's standard of "Australian excellence", while a six-star rating meets "world leadership" standards.

Under the changes new apartment blocks would be required to have a minimum of one secure bicycle space per dwelling, while new retail or office developments would be required to provide a minimum of one secure employee bicycle space per 100sqm of net floor area.

Communal carparking spaces would be encouraged, and developers would also be encouraged to provide electric vehicle charging stations and be prepared to repurpose carparks if they were under-utilised.

Bringing the new environmental standards into force is expected to take at least 18 months, and will require extensive consultation including with the construction industry.

The council's environment portfolio chairwoman Cathy Oke said five-green-star rated buildings produce 55 per cent fewer greenhouse gas emissions and use 66 per cent less electricity than the average Australian building.

"Melbourne’s climate is getting hotter and we’re experiencing more extreme weather events," she said.

"We need to deliver more sustainable buildings and green infrastructure to cool our streets, homes and offices and save water."

The council will also vote on a new measure, a Green Factor Tool, which would help developers measure the green credentials of their design at the planning stage and make it easier to comply with proposed new standards.

It would also encourage developers to incorporate vertical gardens, green rooftops and "green infrastructure", including harvesting stormwater and rain water.

"It will help build more sustainable buildings and communities by measuring the quality and quantity of green infrastructure, such as green roofs, walls and gardens," Cr Oke said.

"We must change the way we plan and deliver infrastructure to respond to the climate and biodiversity emergency."

A spokeswoman for Mr Wynne said he could not comment until the proposal had been formally put before him.

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